The Boers themselves recognized themselves as distinct from the Cape Dutch population.
Quote: [ This is a history of the Afrikaner peoples... The book highlights the distinctions between the settled bourgeois Afrikaner of the urbanized western Cape and the traditional Boer farmer of the plateau and examines the tensions within the Afrikaner community as well as its historically troubled relations with others, including Africans, Cape Coloreds and European powers. ]
Notice how it states Afrikaner peoples plural thereby dispelling the erroneous notion of "one Afrikaner Nation" as a particular anti-Boer propagandist liked to assert in the past despite the on ground reality of the situation. That particular individual had a grand old time attacking myself over the basic points & observations made in the above excerpted quote. Quite a lot of folks have long since stressed that there are two distinct Caucasian Afrikaans speaking groups. To deny this is to consign Boer self determination to oblivion as it automatically shifts the demographic weight against the Boer segment & vests it within the hands of the those descended from the Cape Dutch population.
Quote: [ What divided the two segments of the Afrikaner people was a difference in culture between the relatively sophisticated Cape Dutchman, literate, urbanized and in touch with Europe, and the rough-hewed Boer. ]
From: Page 33. The Afrikaners: an historical interpretation. By Godfrey Hugh Lancelot Le May.
Of course it should be noted that the notion of an Afrikaner people was started by a few Cape Dutch intellectuals [ & curiously two Dutch individuals! ] in the late 19th cent at a time when the Boers were long since independent within their hard won Boer Republics. Curiously the movement on the part of the Cape Dutch to establish [ or rather to propagate the notion of ] a pan White Afrikaans based Afrikaner people only started after the discovery of gold & diamonds within the Boer Republics. Coincidence? Not likely as there was hardly any interest in the Boer people nor of the notion of any sort of pan White Afrikaans speaking monolithic [ sic ] entity called "Afrikaner" prior. The Cape Dutch were among those who ridiculed the Boers for wanting to escape British imperialism during the era of the Great Trek.
Quote: [ In speaking of an emerging Afrikaner political consciousness we must be careful not to ignore the social differences and economic cleavages existing among the late eighteenth century White population at the Cape. From the outset Afrikaner political thinking was not the unified product of an undifferentiated group consciousness, but tended to reflect the social differences and economic cleavages which existed within the settler community at large. The most obvious differences were between the settled colonists of the south western Cape enjoying an established community life, and the isolated cattle farmers of the interior. Politically the dominant group was the former: a small, fairly prosperous bourgeoisie, consisting of top government officials (some born at the Cape), the monopolists and entrepreneurs of Cape Town, and a few wealthy wine and wheat farmers who lived on large farms resembling feudal manors, employed white foremen and owned many slaves. ]
Giliomee admits that the term Afrikaner was not reserved for White Afrikaans speakers until the mid 20th cent. Furthermore he omits mentioning the fact that the Boers are a specific people who are descended from the Trekboers. A term he curiously & tellingly does not mention - at least not here. He obviously hopes that by using clever tricks as he did in the first sentence quoted above that he can distract & gloss over the more significant bifurcation which occurred circa 1700 which gave birth to the Boer people leaving behind the Cape Dutch: who were the ones who appropriated & popularized the term Afrikaner to describe themselves before they co-opted & Colonized the Boer Nation.
Quote: [ The Boers had a tradition of trekking. Boer society was born on the frontiers of white settlement and on the outskirts of civilization. As members of a frontier society they always had a hinterland, open spaces to conquer, territory to occupy. Their ancestors had moved away from the limiting confines of Cape society to settle the eastern frontier. In time this location became too restricted, and individuals and families moved north across the Orange River. ]
This was the only hint of the Boers being distinct from the Cape Dutch from Harrison as he went on to parrot Afrikaner Broederbond propaganda which conflated the two or simply neglected the historical record. Even Giliomee admits that the term Boer was only ever used to describe the folks of the Cape frontier.
Quote: [ In March 1901, just as Kitchener's troops begin to bring tens-of-thousands of "refugees" into the camps, Liberal members of Parliament C.P Scott and John Ellis took up the attack on the camp system and first used the term "concentration camp." [Hansard XC, March 1 1901]. Secretary for war Brodrick replied that the camps were "voluntary" and that inmates went as refugees (which was in some cases true, but not most). Pakenham describes the events in South Africa and this moment: in order to break the stalemate K. initiated plans to "flush out guerrillas in a series of sytematic drives, organized like a sporting shoot, with success defined in a weekly 'bag' of killed, captured and wounded, and to sweep the country bare of everything that could give sustenance to the guerrillas, including women and children. . . . It was the clearance of civilians - uprooting a whole nation that would come to dominate the last phase of the war." Brodrick cabled K for information on March 18; K replied by cable on March 22. ]
The author Sidney Robbins also notes that the Boers had cut all ties / broke their connection to Europe in his book: The Devil's Annexe on page 59.
Quote: [ The majority of the Boers living in remote parts of the country, where established congregations or churches are an impossibility, it behooves every Boer to journey to the capital once a year to partake of communion. Pretoria then becomes the Mecca of all Boers, and the pretty little town is filled to overflowing with pilgrims and their "trekking" wagons and cattle. Those who live in remote parts of the country are obliged to start several weeks before the Nachtmaal in order to be there at the appointed time, and the whole journey to and fro in many instances requires six weeks' time. When they reach Pretoria they bivouac in the open square surrounding the old brick church in the centre of the town, and spend almost all their time in the church. It is one of the grandest scenes in South Africa to observe the pilgrims camping in the open square under the shade of the patriarchal church, which to them is the most sacred edifice in the world. ]
The following is from Cecil Rhodes and the Cape Afrikaners by Mordechai Tamarkin from page 57.